Cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt


Comunicare i identitate. Craiova, Editura Universitaria, p. Brestei, nr. Receptarea romanelor lui Marin Preda prin filier dostoievskian A Synchronic Perspective.

Наконец Макс пробормотал.

Le bruit The Noise La rception des romans de Marin Preda dans une perspective dostoevskienne Linfluence sur le public et le modelage des diverses catgories de celui-ci Une perspective synchronique. Moyens pour exploiter le systme des termes dadresse dans un texte littraire Iniiat de Prof. Emilia Parpal Afana naceast conferin a nregistrat deja o serie de rezultate tiinifice n form tiprit, prin volumele anterioare: Comunicare, identitate, context, coordonat de Emilia Parpal ni Comunicare, identitate, cultur, coordonat de Emilia Parpal i Carmen Popescu n Un alt volum, Postmodernismul, creaie i interpretare, de asemenea coordonat de Emilia Parpal i Carmen Popescu ninclude lucrrile prezentate n cadrul unui workshop organizat n contextul mai general al conferinei.

Toate aceste trei volume au fost publicate la Editura Cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt din Craiova. Titlul prezentului volum subliniaz dou dintre temele cheie ale conferinei comunicarea i identitatea i l menioneaz pe al treilea, cultura, ca pe o perspectiv privilegiat, alturi de cea lingvistic. Aceste teme principale se lumineaz i se completeaz reciproc, i, dup cum o demostreaz diversitatea abordrilor din volum, pot fi deopotriv obiecte de studiat i metode analitice sau unghiuri din care s putem cuprinde aspectele multiforme ale realitii contemporane de pretutindeni.

Prezentarea iniial a conferinei propusese o formul transdisciplinar i interdisciplinar, iar rezultatele publicate aici susin n ntregime aceast orientare: lingvistica, pragmatica, antropologia, sociologia, studiile media, studiile de gen i studiile culturale sunt toate reprezentate. Interconexiunea acestor domenii este destul de evident, n ciuda premiselor i a principiilor lor adesea diferite, dac nu chiar divergente.

Pragmatica pare s fie o metod preferat de mai muli autori i este interesant s constatm c pragmalingvistica, pragmastilistica ori pragmapoetica sunt deopotriv utilizate.

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Mai multe lucrri subliniaz impactul noilor media asupra comunicrii i o atenie special este acordat i abordrii sociolingvistice. Discursul juridic i discursul jurnalistic ofer material pentru analizele aplicate, alturi de discursul economic i cel politic.

Corpusurile scrise i cele orale sunt n egal msur exploatate. Putem spera c mai multe studii n domeniul lingvisticii aplicate vor putea ajuta n demersul teoretic de a schia specificitatea comunicrii literare pe fondul comunicrii verbale per se.

Literatura se relev ca un element fundamental ntr-o textur cultural mai larg, dar i ca un discurs autonom, suficient n sine. Comunicarea emerge ca o realitate divers, complex i eterogen, acoperind sfera privat i pe cea public, relaiile interpersonale ca i structurile organizaionale mai largi, precum i utilizarea pedagogic a metodelor moderne de comunicare. Limbajul ca mijloc de comunicare este studiat n dimensiunea sa familiar i subcultural, n ipostaza diverselor sociolecte, dar i n dimensiunea sa mai sistematic i macrostructural.

Natura dinamic a fenomenelor lingvistice este puternic marcat, chiar n domeniul terminologiei, aparent o sfer a sensurilor precodificate, mai ales n trmul strict tiinific. Faetele multiple ale identitii sunt focalizate n cteva studii prin interaciunea identitii i a limbajului sau, mai precis, stilul de vorbireprin raportul ntre identitate i cultur comunitile observate ntr-un moment-cheie al istoriei lor, cum ar fi de exemplu poporul japonez la nceputul modernitii sale i, ntr-un plan subsidiar, prin relaia dintre cultur i etnicitate specificul romnesc, suedez, american etc.

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Culturile naionale apar, natural, ca hibrizi, iar interculturalitatea devine o realitate foarte reliefat, fie n termenii literaturii comparate, fie din perspectiv antropologic. Oglindirea reciproc a identitilor culturale implic un cadru imagologic: rezult c identitatea nu poate fi conceput n mod adecvat dect n termenii alteritii sau ai Celuilalt. Gramatica culturii urbane presupune o reea senzorial dintre cele mai complexe, n care zgomotul comunic subtil, n timp ce reprezentarea poetic a unei subculturi rurale, n La Lilieci de Sorescu, reveleaz o autentic sintax a emoiilor.

Dimensiunea transcendent sacrul este, de asemenea, menionat ca o compensaie pentru caracterul secularizat al civilizaiei moderne i postmoderne, globalizate.

Încărcat de

O idee notabil care confer coeren volumului privete tocmai interpenetrarea i, n final, relaia inextricabil dintre comunicare, identitate i cultur. Initiated by Professor Emilia Parpal Afana inthis conference has already registered some scientific results in printed form, with the previous volumes: Comunicare, identitate, context Communication, identity, contextcoordinated by Emilia Parpal inand Comunicare, identitate, cultur Communication, identity, culturecoordinated by Emilia Parpal and Carmen Popescu in A different volume, Postmodernismul, creaie i interpretare Postmodernism, creation and interpretationcoordinated also by Emilia Parpal and Carmen Popescu inincludes the papers presented for a workshop organized within the general framework of the conference.

All these three volumes were issued at Universitaria Publishing House in Craiova. Our present title, Communication and identity. Linguistic and cultural perspectives, emphasizes two of the key issues of the conference, communication and identity, and mentions the third one, culture, as a preferential perspective, together cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt the linguistic one. These main themes illuminate and complement each other and, as the diversity of approaches show, they can be on the one hand objects to be studied and on the other hand analytical methods, angles from where to encompass the manifold aspects of contemporary reality worldwide.

The call for papers had proposed a transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary framework, and the results published here entirely sustain this orientation: linguistics, pragmatics, anthropology, sociology, media studies, gender studies and cultural studies are all represented and the interconnectedness between these fields is quite obvious, despite their somewhat different or even divergent premises and basic tenets.

Pragmatics looks like a method preferred by several authors and it is interesting that pragmalinguistic and pragmastylistics or pragmapoetics are both represented.

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Several papers emphasize the impact of the new media on communication and a special attention is given to the sociolinguistic approach. The legal discourse and the journalistic discourse provide the material for applied analysis, along with the economic and the political discourse. Written and oral corpuses are equally exploited. One can only hope that more studies in the field of applied linguistics will help to outline the specificity of literary communication, on the background of verbal communication per se.

Literature is revealed as a basic component of a larger cultural texture but also as an autonomous discourse in its own right.

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Communication emerges as diverse and complex, a heterogeneous reality encompassing the private and the public spheres, interpersonal relations as well as larger organizational structures and the pedagogical use of modern communicative methods.

Language as communication is studied both in its familiar, subcultural dimension, including the various sociolects, and in the more systematic and macrostructural dimension.

The dynamic character of linguistic phenomena is quite salient, even in the realm of terminology, purportedly a sphere of pre-codified meanings, particularly in the scientific area.

The multifaceted nature of identity is focalized in a series of studies, by the interaction of identity and language or more precisely, speech styleidentity and culture communities observed in a key moment of their history, as the Japanese at the dawn of modernity and, in subsidiary, culture and ethnicity the Romanian, Swedish, American specificity, etc. National cultures appear, naturally, as hybridized, and interculturality gets the upper hand, either in terms of comparative literature, or in the anthropological perspective.

The mutual mirroring of cultural identities entails the imagological frame, and identity can only be conceived in terms of the relationship with otherness. The grammar of urban culture involves a complex sensorial network where the noise communicates in a subtle way, whereas the poetic representation of a rural subculture in Sorescus La Lilieci reveals a genuine syntax of emotions.

The transcendental dimension the sacred is also mentioned, as a compensation for the prevailing secularized character of the modern and postmodern globalized civilization. A notable idea linking the papers regards the overlapping, the interconnectedness and, ultimately, the inextricable relation between communication, identity and culture. Initie par madame le Professeur Emilia Parpal Afana enla confrence a dj enregistr des rsultats scientifiques dans la forme de plusieurs volumes : Comunicare, identitate, context Communication, identit, contextecoordonn par Emilia Parpal enet Comunicare, identitate, cultur Communication, identit, culturecoordonn par Emilia Parpal et Carmen Popescu en Un autre volume, Postmodernismul, creaie i interpretare Le postmodernisme, cration et interprtationaussi coordonn par Emilia Parpal et Carmen Popescu encontient les communications prsentes lors du workshop organis dans le cadre gnral de la confrence.

Les trois volumes mentionns ont t publis chez la Maison dditions Universitaria, Craiova. Le titre de ce volume souligne deux des thmes principaux de la confrence, cest--dire la cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt et lidentit et mentionne le troisime, la culture, en tant que perspective ou approche prfrentielle, avec lapproche linguistique, qui est aussi prvalente. Ces thmes trs importants sclaircissent et se compltent lun lautre et, selon la diversit des approches, on voit quils peuvent tre la fois objets tudier et mthodes danalyse, angles do lon peut comprendre les aspects multiformes de le dating genie ralit contemporaine globale.

Lappel communication avait propos un cadre transdisciplinaire et interdisciplinaire, et les rsultats publis ici soutiennent entirement cette orientation : linguistique, pragmatique, anthropologie, sociologie, tudes mdiatiques, fminisme et tudes culturelles toutes ces tendances sont reprsentes. Linterrelation entre ces champs est assez vidente, en dpit de leurs principes et prmisses parfois diffrentes ou mme divergentes.

La pragmatique apparat comme une mthode prfre par plusieurs auteurs et cest trs intressant que la pragmalinguistique et la pragmastylistique ou pragmapotique sont galement utilises.

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Plusieurs articles soulignent limpact des 15 nouveaux mdia sur la communication et une considrable attention est accorde lapproche sociolinguistique. Le discours juridique et le discours journalistique offrent le matriel pour lanalyse applique, avec les discours conomique et politique. Les corpus crits et oraux sont pareillement exploits. Les auteurs qui ont une formation philologique et se penchent surtout sur ltude de la littrature ne sont point moins ouverts vers les mthodes capables denrichir et dapprofondir notre comprhension des objets esthtiques dans une perspective en quelque sorte technique, peut-tre surprenante: telles sont des thories comme lanalyse du discours, la smiotique, lintertextualit, la pragmatique etc.

On peut esprer que plus dtudes dans le champ de la linguistique applique pourront aider dans la dmarche thorique desquisser la spcificit de la communication littraire, sur le fonds de la communication verbale per se.

Informații document

La littrature se rvle comme un lment fondamental dans une texture culturelle plus large mais aussi comme un discours autonome en tant que tel. La communication merge comme une ralit diverse, complexe et htrogne couvrant la sphre prive et la sphre publique, les relations interpersonnelles tout comme les structures organisationnelles plus larges et lusage pdagogique des mthodes communicatives.

Le langage en tant que moyen de communication est tudi dans sa dimension familire et sous-culturelle, dans lhypostase des divers sociolectes, mais aussi dans sa dimension plus systmatique et macrostructurale.

La nature dynamique metro dating co marea britanie phnomnes linguistiques est assez marque, mme dans le domaine de la terminologie, apparemment une sphre des sens pr-codifis, particulirement dans le domaine scientifique.

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Les facettes multiples de lidentit sont focalises dans quelques tudes, par linteraction de lidentit et du langage ou, plus prcisment le style de parlerlidentit et la culture les communauts observes dans un moment-cl de leur histoire, comme les Japonais laube de leur modernit et, dans un plan subsidiaire, la relation entre la culture et lethnicit la spcificit roumaine, sudoise, amricaine etc.

Les cultures nationales apparaissent, naturellement, comme des hybrides, et linterculturalit devient la plus saillante ralit, soit dans les termes de la littrature compare, soit dans la perspective anthropologique. La grammaire de la culture urbaine prsuppose un rseau sensoriel des plus complexes, dans lequel le bruit communique dune faon subtile, tandis que la 16 reprsentation potique dune sous-culture rurale dans La Lilieci de Sorescu rvle une authentique syntaxe des motions.

La dimension transcendante le sacr est aussi mentionne, comme une compensation pour le caractre scularis de la civilisation moderne et postmoderne globalise. Une ide notable liant les articles concerne prcisment linterpntration et, en fin de compte, la relation inextricable entre la communication, lidentit et la culture. Rosetti Institute cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt Linguistics Articolul prezint sintetic strategiile de instaniere a deixisului social n romn: strategii lexicale paradigma pronumelor de politee, valori de politee ataate contextual pronumelor reflexive i pronumelor posesive, termeni de adresare generici, substantive desemnnd poziia instituional, termeni desemnnd gradele de rudenie, interjecii, onorifice, termeni autodepreciativi, intensificatori, formule de salut i strategii gramaticale marcarea cu desinene de persoana 2 plural a verbelor i a unor interjecii, acordul, treceri ntre persoanele gramaticale, sufixarea numelor de familie cu morfeme de plural sau femininuneori coexistente.

Uzul frecvent al deicticelor n limba romn este predictat de caracterul oral al culturii romne, precum i de valorile parametrilor de variaie cultural. Keywords: social deixis, strategies of enacting social deixis in Romanian, correlations between language and cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt of cultural variation Deictics are linguistic forms that take reference from the extralinguistic context of use.

The basic categories are person deictics, social deictics, empathetic deictics, space deictics, time deictics and discourse deictics cf.

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Deixis, as a universal phenomenon, is enacted through language specific lexical or grammatical devices shaped by the grammatical constraints of the linguistic system, on the one hand, and by the cultural constraints underlying the pragma-discursive mechanisms of speech, on the other hand.

Some uses might be subject to slight individual variations. In Edward Halls termsthe Romanian culture is a high context culture, and on Hofstedes scale of cultural variationit is collectivistic IDV 30high power distance PDI 90feminine MAS 42with a high value for uncertainty avoidance UAI 90 and low time orientation www.

Tropaeum Traiani, I. Cetatea, Editura Academiei Române, București, collab. Mărturii de civilizaţie medievală românească. O casă a domniei și o sobă monumentală de la Suceava din vreme lui Ștefan cel Mare, Editura Academiei collab.

These features predict a heavy use of deictics as cues of the interactional involvement of the participants in the speech event Biber and as discourse coherence markers Manoliu Manea Also, they predict the important role of social and empathetic deictics in face work activities and in the negotiation of power relations, fuzzy categories on the space-time continuum that favour vague reference and several discourse extensions.

Deictic relations are preferred to anaphoric relations. Social deictics encode contextual information about the social relationships among interactants an overview in ManningAsif The contextual parameters that determine their use in Romanian are social distance social class, education, age, sex, and statutehierarchic asymmetry and degree of intimacy between the interlocutors Ruxndoiu ; erbnescu ; Vasilescu GALR I: ; for a contrastive approach of Romanian and English politeness pronouns, see Pisoschi Although the use of social deictics is predetermined by contextual expectations, the various forms of address are directly negotiable among the participants in the speech event.

Marked options generate conversational implicatures like assumed equality with the interlocutor, minimalization or maximalization of hierarchic asymmetries or social distance, a change in the discourse relations dynamics, discourse power shifts, persuasive strategies, irony, etc. Social deictics often interfere with empathetic deictics.

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Romanian displays lexical and grammatical devices to instantiate social deixis, which may co-occur in use. The context, the co-text, and sometimes intonation play an important role in disambiguating syncretisms and in activating cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt. Lexical devices The lexical devices of encoding social deixis are: the paradigm of the politeness pronoun, deference values contextually attached to some reflexive and possessive pronouns or constructions, generic terms of address, nouns that designate the institutional position of the interlocutors, kinship and in-group terms, interjections, honorifics, self-depreciating words, intensifiers, and greeting terms.

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Pronouns of politeness Typologically, Romanian is a T u -V ous distinction language, i. Accordingly, politeness pronouns are organized in a paradigm of forms for the 2nd and the 3rd persons, singular and plural, with number syncretisms for the 2nd person and overt gender distinctions for the 3rd person singular.

Taking the personal pronoun as a point of reference, the various forms of the politeness pronoun can be placed along the politeness continuum as shown in Table 1.

The terms marked for the highest degree of politeness are also formal and emphatic. Table 1. M MASC.

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  • Вскоре после того как Николь вошла в комнату, Никки отправилась в соседнюю комнату.
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F FEM. On the basis of their etymology, contextual distribution in Old Romanian and some dialectal uses, traditional Romanian grammars for example Avram label dnsul, dnsa, dnii, dnsele as personal pronouns. Yet, the present day literary use has attracted these forms in the system of politeness, as the least polite terms on the continuum.

Under the Anglo-Saxon influence, aftertu instead of dumneavoastr is ever more used at work place among colleagues of different ages and hierarchic 23 positions, and it has been almost generalized in media communication dialogues with the audience in TV and radio broadcasts.

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Te temi de montri, Maria? Do you fear monsters, Mary? V temei de montri, domnule? Do you fear monsters, sir? The plural context in 2 is ambiguous in point of the [ deferent] feature, but it is disambiguated contextually.

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The two Possessive forms for the 3rd person singular, which entered into the etymological opposition [ reflexive] in earlier stages of the language cartea sa.

At the same time, sa does not mark gender distinctions overtly, while its personal counterpart does lui. Am cunoscut-o pe sora ta cod aw bazat pe abilitate enfernt a. SG met-her. I met your sister 3 b. SG have. SG met sister-the 3 b. I met your sister.

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Generic politeness terms Nouns inflected for number sg. Generic politeness terms can be used both as vocative appellatives as in 4 a and integrated in the sentence structure in various syntactic slots subject, predicative, direct object, indirect object, adjunctsas in 4 b. Doamn, nu insistai! VOC, not insist. Madam, do not insist! Domnioara este sora mea 4 b. Young lady-the. NOM is sister-the.